Monthly Archives: January 2018

Parathyroid Cancer: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

A cancerous growth in the parathyroid gland is commonly known as parathyroid cancer. The main task of the parathyroid glands is to manage the calcium level in the human body. There are four of these glands and they are situated at the bottom of the neck. Since both men and women may be affected by this type of cancer, it is very important to know about its symptoms, causes and treatment, so that it may be detected in the early stages and be treated.

Parathyroid cancer is a very rare type of cancer that occurs in the parathyroid gland situated on the thyroid glands. These glands are found in sets of two situated on the top of the lobes of the thyroid gland. Parathyroid cancer is usually found in men and women above the age of 30. However, in some cases this disease can also occur in the early years as well.

Causes of Parathyroid Cancer

It is still a matter of research to find out the exact cause for parathyroid cancer. However, people who suffer from multiple endocrine neoplasia disease of type I have more chance of suffering from parathyroid cancer. People who are exposed to excessive radiation may also suffer from this disease. Some cases are also found in people who are exposed to radiation only on the neck or head.

Symptoms of Parathyroid Cancer

Since it is very difficult to find the exact cause of parathyroid cancer, it would be better to keep a check on your overall health and look out for any abnormalities in your general health. An early detection is an early cure for parathyroid cancer. It is not difficult to discover the symptoms for this type of cancer. Some of the most common symptoms may include bone pain, which may occur due to high levels of calcium. When suffering from this disease, it is very common to have increased levels of calcium in the human body that may affect various systems and body parts. Constipation, frequent thirst, fatigue, and frequent urination are also some of the common symptoms that are observed with parathyroid cancer. Since these symptoms are also common to diabetes and similar health problems, most people ignore them.

If you experience symptoms like kidney stones, fractures, muscle weakness, loss of appetite or nausea, etc., you should immediately consult your doctor and check for parathyroid cancer. Apart from all these symptoms, if you experience a sore throat for a long period of time, or can feel a tumor with your hand by touching your neck, you should not waste any time in consulting your doctor about this disease.

Treatment for Parathyroid Cancer

Treatment for this disease may include various hormones or drugs that can lower the calcium levels in the patient’s body. Some drugs like pamidronate oretidronate may also help in stopping the breakdown of the bones. Apart from all this, fluids through the veins are also given to the patient so that they can restore the energy that has been lost due to this disease. Chemotherapy, surgery, or radiation treatments are also available for parathyroid cancer and this may depend on the condition of the patient.

The Fallacy Of So Called Trace Benzene Cases

Consumer products in the United States have not had significant levels of benzene for decades, yet Plaintiffs’ counsel have filed thousands of cases, often called trace benzene suits, asserting that various consumer products such as degreasers, carburetor cleaners, mineral spirits, and paints have caused their clients to contract Leukemia, aplastic anemia or other blood related diseases. Since benzene has not been a known and intended ingredient of these products for many years, the claimants assert that other solvents that have been substituted for benzene, such as Toluene, Xylene, Hexane, Stoddards Solvent and VM&P Naphtha contain benzene and cause users to be exposed to benzene.

These suits are premised on exaggerated claims that these products contain much higher levels of benzene than they actually do, pointing to published references that are decades old or which rely on old references. (1), (2), (3), (4). Plaintiffs then add exaggerated usage claims to puff up exposure levels, and rely on a well known group of experts who promote a no threshold, any level of exposure is enough theory of causation. In doing so, Plaintiffs thrive on vague lay testimony of co-workers, the lack of recent published peer reviewed literature on benzene content of these solvents, and the lack of actual air or content test results during the Plaintiff’s exposure period to weave together a superficially plausible, but flawed, claim hoping to get past a Daubert challenge and get to a sympathetic jury.

An aggressive three pronged attack can expose Plaintiff’s claims as lacking substance.

First, establishing the benzene content of the product is in most jurisdictions the Plaintiff’s burden of proof, and is by and large a fact issue, not a matter for expert opinion. Expert opinions must be based on reliable data. Decades old references do not establish benzene content of current or recently used products or solvents not tested in a comparable time period as the references. Unless Plaintiff can establish by direct test results, MSDS’ or other documentation on Defendant’s products during the alleged exposure period, Plaintiff may not be able to prove with admissible evidence that the products at issue contained any detectible levels of benzene or any specific amount of benzene, that could then be used to estimate the Plaintiff’s exposure or dosage.

In response to Plaintiff’s expert, Melvyn Kopstein’s old references in his published article (1), a number of arguments can be made. First, the Consumer Product Safety Commission commissioned two studies resulting in reports in 1978 and 1980 and found nearly all consumer products already had less than .1% benzene content and 3 of 5 carburetor cleaners had no detectible levels of benzene. (5) (6). These reports lead the Consumer Product Safety Commission to withdraw their proposed ban on consumer products with over 0.1% benzene, as there was no need for the ban (7). Kopstein’s references were also attacked by the chemical industry which provided proof of the low current levels of benzene in their solvents. (2, 4). Kopstein has testified in litigation that benzene levels trended downward after his older references were issued. (22, 23).

The second prong of the attack should be against asserted high exposures based on unrealistic usage assumptions, and vague or selective statements of co-workers. High estimated exposures are often based on continuous use of multiple cans of spray or product per job.

Another expert frequently used by Plaintiffs recently published an article which indirectly contradicts many of Plaintiff’s usage claims and benzene exposure claims finding total VOC exposures from use of these products to be less than OSHA limits (8). Amazingly, this study did not address benzene exposures, directly. However, indirectly, it helps establish low benzene exposures by establishing low total volatile organic compound (VOC) levels. Detailed discovery of purchase and job records can also be used to show that the Plaintiff’s actual usage is far less than estimated by Plaintiff’s experts. In addition, actual simulated testing done by one of Plaintiff’s experts recently showed only intermittent use. (8) Also, many repair jobs performed by the claimant mechanic may not use these products at all.

The fourth prong is to attack the low dose, no threshold claims of Plaintiff’s experts.

Most reliable epidemiology studies have concluded that cumulative exposures of at least 50 ppm-years and most likely 200-400 ppm-years is required to cause AML, the only form of Leukemia that has clearly been linked to benzene exposures. (9-14). Other studies, such as the Glass, et al studies of the Australian Petroleum Industry Cohort and studies of the Chinese Cohort have been found to be flawed and not a reliable basis for establishing causation. (15-19).

Finally, some experts have put forth an unproven hypothesis that certain types of chromosome damages are markers of benzene induced Leukemia. However, even those Plaintiff experts putting forth such hypothesis have not been able to prove any particular pattern of chromosome damage as a basis to claim benzene as the cause. (20) In fact, one recent study surprised these scientists by disproving their hypothesis that topoisomerase inhibitors act like benzene in causing chromosome damage and Leukemia. (21).

So called Trace Benzene cases can be successfully defended with an aggressive multi-pronged attack on exposure related and causation issues.

(1)Kopstein M. 2006, Potential uses of petrochemical products can result in significant benzene exposures: MSDS must list benzene as an ingredient. J. Occup. Environment. Hyg. 3(1): 1-8;

(2)Jacques A.M. 2006 Benzene Levels in Hydrocarbon Solvents. J. Occup. Environment. Hyg. 3:D85-D87. [Benzene levels in modern solvents generally do not exceed .01% or 100 ppmv];

(3)Fedoruk, M.J., et al 2003, Benzene Exposure Assessment for Use of a Mineral Spirits – Based Degreaser. App. Occupational & Environment Hyg. 18:764-771. [spiked mineral spirits used. Natural benzene content of mineral spirits was 3 to10 ppm; nonrepresentative aggressive and vigorous simulated cleaning procedures used to obtain worst case scenario];

(4)McKee, R.H., 2007, Benzene Levels in Hydrocarbon Solvents – Response to Author’s Reply J. Occup. Environment. Hyg. 4:060-D62. [Benzene levels in modern solvents have been below .1% for 20 years and below 100 ppm for solvents produced by the members of the Hydrocarbon Solvents Panel];

(5)Battelle Columbus Laboratories, “Technical & Economic Feasibility of a Ban on Consumer Products Containing More Than 0.1% or More Benzene” 1978 Report to United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC -C-78-0091) dated December 22, 1978;

(6)Hodgkins, Doris, 1980, “Benzene Analysis of Consumer Products” Report to United States Consumer Product Safety Commission, dated March 13, 1980;

(7)Proposed to Withdraw Proposed Ban, 46 FR 3034-01; 1981 WL 108534(F.R.), January 13, 1981;

(8)Wilson, M.P., Hammond S.K., Nicas, M, and Hubbard, A.E., 2007 “Worker Exposure to Volatile Organic Compounds in the Vehicle Repair Industry” J. Occup. Envir. Hyg. 4:301-310;

(9)Wong O (1995), Risk of Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Multiple Myeloma In Workers Exposed to Benzene. Occup. Envir. Med. 52:380-384;

(10)Wong O, Raabe, G.K. (1998), Acute Myeloid & Monocytic Leukemia and Benzene Exposure in Petroleum Distribution Workers in the United Kingdom. Occup. Envir. Med. 55: 360-362;

(11)Wong O (1998), Re: Benzene and Dose Related Incidence of Hematologic Neoplasms in China. J. National Cancer Institute 90: 469-670;

(12)Rinsky, R.A., et al (2002) Benzene Exposure and Hematopoietic Mortality; Long Term Epidemiologic Risk Assessment. Am J. Ind. Med. 42: 474-480;

13.Crump K. (1996) Risk of Benzene – Induced Leukemia Predicted From Pliofilm Cohort Envir. Health Perspect. 104: 1437-1441;

14.Paustenbach D.J., et al (1992) Reevaluation of Benzene Exposure for the Pliofilm (rubber workers) Cohort (1936-1976) Toxicol Envir. Health 36(3):177-231;

15.Wu, W. (1988) Occupational Cancer Epidemiology in the Peoples Republic of China J. Occp. Med. 30:968-974;

16.U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Integrated Risk Information System, Benzene (CASRN 71-43-2), 2003;

17.Travis L.B., et al (1994) Hematopoietic Malignancies and related disorders among benzene – exposed workers in China. Leukemia and Lymphoma 14:91-102;

18.Wong O. (1999) A Critique of the Exposure Assessment in the Epidemiologic Study of Benzene – exposed workers in China conducted by the Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine and U.S. National Cancer Institute. Reg. Tax and Pharm. 30:259-267;

19.Natelson, E.A. (2007) Benzene Induced Acute Myeloid Leukemia – A Clinician’s Perspective, Am. J. Hematol. 00:000-000, 2007 Accepted 2/13/07;

20.Zhang L, Eastmond, D.A., Smith M.T., The Nature of Chromosomal Aberrations Detected in Humans Exposed to Benzene Crit. Rev. Tox. 32(1):1 – 42 (2002);

21.Escobar, P.A., Smith, M.T., Visishta A, Hubbard A. E., Zhang, L. (2007) Leukemia Specific Chromosome Damage Detected by COMET with fluorescence in situ hybridization (COMET-FISH). Mutagenesis 2007 June 16 [E-publication available only];

22.Deposition of Melvyn J. Kopstein, 1/5/99 in Jill Edwards, et al v. Safety-Kleen Corporation, U.S. Dist. Ct., S.D. Fla. Case,. #97-7180-CV at pp 86-89;

23.Deposition of Melvyn J. Kopstein, 10/20/06, Parker v. The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company, et al, 14th Judicial District Court, Texas, Cause #05-0390-B at pp 69-72, 126.

Victoza Side Effects and Usage

Victoza is an injectable medication that can boost the sugar in your blood (glucose) in adults diagnosed with type 2 diabetes

Victoza is not really regarded as the initial procedure to treat diabetes. Victoza isn’t really a replacement to insulin and it’s not known what the effects would be in connection with prandial (meal-time) insulin. Victoza should not be prescribed as the best initial treatmemt for diabetes. Victoza is not truly for individuals with type 1 diabetes or people today with diabetic ketoacidosis. It is far from known if Victoza is a safe treament for youngsters.

Effects of Using Victoza

In researching the effects of Victoza on animals , Victoza led to thyroid tumors-including thyroid cancer-in some rats and mice. It is not discovered whether Victoza causes thyroid tumors or probably a type of thyroid cancer termed medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) in males and female adults, which can be fatal if not detected and addressed previously. Do not use Victoza if any member of your extended family has had MTC or had Endocrine Neoplasia syndrome type two. When taking Victoza, tell your medical practitioner any time you get a lump or swelling in the neck, hoarseness, have a difficult time swallowing, or shortness of breath. These may possible be signs or symptoms of thyroid cancer.

Usually do not use Victoza should you be allergic to liraglutide or any ingredients in Victoza. Severe allergic reactions can come about with Victoza. If you have symptoms of allergic reactions, stop using Victoza and seek health care. Inflammation in the pancreas (pancreatitis) can be serious and lead to dying. Before using Victoza, notify your physician in the event you have had pancreatitis, gallstones, a background of alcoholism, or significant blood triglyceride amounts since these medical conditions make you more susceptible to getting pancreatitis.

Stop using Victoza and simply call your doctor right away when you have pain in your stomach area, if it is extreme and will not disappear, even if you have vomited or not , or if the pain moves through your stomach to your back.These may be signs and symptoms of pancreatitis.

Before taking Victoza, notify your physician about each one from the drugs you are taking, specially sulfonylurea medications or insulin, as taking these along with Victoza may well impact how each and every medication reacts. If you use Victoza with insulin, it can be doable. You are going to give both injections around the same body area (to illustrate, your tummy location), but not close to the other.

Also communicate to your physician if you have intense stomach complications such as slowed emptying of your stomach(gastroparesis) or issues with digesting meals; have or have had kidney or liver problems; have other health-related problems; or are pregnant or are going to be pregnant. Explain to your doctor if you’re breastfeeding or intend to breastfeed.

Your risk for obtaining hypoglycemia, or lowered blood sugar, is higher in the event you take Victoza with an additional medication that can result in reduced blood sugar, like sulfonylurea or insulin. The doseage of sulfonylurea medicine or insulin might really have to be decreased while taking Victoza.

Taking Victoza may possibly result in nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea which will cause dehydration, which may trigger kidney failure. This may materialize in people today that have never had kidney troubles. Drinking lots of fluids may cut down your risk for dehydration.

Undesirable side effects of Victoza include headache, nausea, and diarrhea. Nausea is most often encountered for those who begin taking the medicince Victoza, but decreases over time in most males and female adults.

Understanding Cervical Cancer:

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer found in the cervix of women. This cancer can be particularly dangerous, as it generally shows no symptoms in the early onset stages. Due to this factor it is extremely important for women to get yearly pap smears. Most cervical cancer is detected through pap smears. As with any cancer, the earlier the cancer is detected, the better the prognosis for treatment.

The cervix is the organ that connects the uterus and vagina. When cervical cancer develops, cells mutate or change, becoming abnormal. If untreated, they can grow and spread to other areas of the vagina or even the body.

Pap smears should be requested as soon as a woman starts having sex. For those who abstain, most doctors recommend beginning pap smears around age 18. If you have a history of cervical cancer, you may want to talk to your gynecologist about starting exams at an earlier stage.

Most cases of cervical cancer are caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). HPV is more commonly known as genital warts. HPV is a virus that stays in the body even when there are no physical symptoms. HPV cannot be cured. Some people may carry HPV without ever experiencing symptoms, while others may have warts appear in or around the genital area. HPV can show up years after contraction. Most adults have been infected with HPV at some time in their life. Most outbreaks will clear up on their own.

The Cancer Institute released estimates of more than 12,000 new cases of cancer being detected this year alone. Of those diagnosed with cervical cancer, over 4,000 of those cases will be fatal.

Cervical cancer may be more likely to appear in those who smoke, those who have a weakened immune system (caused by HIV or AIDS). Some people feel that taking birth control for more than five years may contribute to an increased likelihood in developing cancer. As well, women who have a lot of children may be more likely to experience cervical cancer.

In later stages of cervical cancer, unexplained vaginal bleeding may occur. This bleeding may happen between periods, during or after sex, or after menopause. A woman may also experience pain in her pelvis and pain during sexual intercourse.

If your pap smear shows up with irregular cells, more tests will be needed. This will be to see if the cells are cancerous and if so, where the cancer has spread. The most common tests include a colposcopy or biopsy.

There are several stages of cervical cancer. The increase in number reflects the increase in severity of the condition. Stage One reflects cancer that is limited to the cervix. In Stage Two, the cancer has moved to the upper portion of the vagina. In Stage Three the cancer has moved to the lower portion of the vagina and possibly the pelvic wall. In Stage Four, the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

The most common treatments for this type of cancer include surgery, radiation and chemotherapy. Be sure you trust your gynecologist. You can find a new doctor and get a second opinion before starting treatment, or ask for additional tests.

After the cancer is treated, your gynecologist will schedule regular check-ups to be sure the cancer doesn’t come back.

The healthier choice of electronic cigarettes as an alternative to tobacco products

With advances in technology and innovation during recent years there is now a product called the electronic cigarette that has been introduced to the smokers market. This provides you with the relief of your nicotine cravings while greatly imitating the function of a standard cigarette. Containing the taste of tobacco with none of the harmful substances found in standard cigarettes, this allows your cravings to be satisfied without inhaling the many dangerous toxins which can lead to serious health problems.

There are a great number of health risks associated with smoking tobacco products, lung disease being the most widely known, but have you thought about all the other detrimental effects? These products have the potential to impact on the fertility of men and women. With men, smoking asphyxiates healthy oxygen that keeps the sperm potent; this is most often the cause of infertility in men. Regarding women, smoking regular cigarettes can affect the process of ovulation and prevent healthy supplies of blood to the fallopian tubes. As a result of not being able to release a healthy egg each month the woman may find decreased capability in conceiving children. Although it is quite a well known fact that smoking can be detrimental to a man’s fertility, few people are aware of its effects on women.

It is a widely known fact that smoking causes cancer, when people think about this risk, the first type that comes to mind is lung cancer, as this is the most obvious. Although the parts of the body that most regularly come into near proximity with cigarettes are more likely to develop cancerous cells, that fact is that this could be inflicted on practically any part of the body. This is the consequence of the tar being absorbed into the blood stream which is inevitably transported to every cell in the body, with the blood carrying the harmful chemical it then has the ability to evolve perfectly healthy cells into deformed cancerous cells. Some of the most common types of cancer, other than the most obvious, are breast and cervical cancer, as well as cancer of the liver and kidneys. The most obvious is, of course, the respiratory system; with the lungs absorbing the lethal smoke but not having the means to purify its toxins, absolutely any part of the respiratory system can be targeted and damaged with each cigarette smoked.

To help satisfy the craving of nicotine the most healthy and effective method possible, the recent invention of the electronic cigarette is extremely effective while trying to quit. It is a battery operated cigarette which satiates the craving of smoking a standard cigarette without the harmful toxins involved. With the look and feel being of a very similar nature, it contains a chamber that transforms pure nicotine into vapour. This provides the smoker with nicotine while allowing them the overall experience without the health risks, with the sensation of actually holding a cigarette to their mouth and getting a nicotine fix through the form of inhalation.

Electronic cigarettes contain cartridges that hold a liquid which is then vaporised during inhalation to provide the smoker with nicotine. Through this method the smoker is able to gradually reduce their amount of nicotine intake by switching to cartridges with less nicotine content.

At Liberty Flights, an online store which specialises in electric cigarettes and electronic cigarette cartridges, there are a multitude of different strengths and flavours of cartridges to suit your personal taste and intake. For the best range on the market today visit www.liberty-flights.co.uk, and take a look for yourself at how their fantastic products can aid you in cutting down, with the best possible solution out there.

Are You Worried About An Enlarged Prostate Or Other Prostate Problem?

In older men, the inner part of the prostate around the urethra may continue to grow, a condition called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) – also referred to as an enlarged prostate or swollen prostate. Perhaps a fourth of men have some degree of hyperplasia by the time they reach their fifties. By the eighth decade, over 90% of males will have prostatic hyperplasia (according to the American Urological Association).

However, in only a small number of cases (about 10%) will this hyperplasia be symptomatic and severe enough to require any surgical or medical therapy. The mechanism for hyperplasia may be related to an accumulation of dihydrotestosterone in the prostate, which then binds to nuclear hormone receptors which then trigger the growth. The normal prostate weighs 20 to 30 gm, but most prostates with nodular hyperplasia can weigh as much as 50 to 100 gm. And nodular hyperplasia is NOT a precursor to cancer. A mildly increased PSA (4 to 10 ng/mL) in a patient with a very large prostate can be due to either nodular hyperplasia, or to prostatitis, rather than cancer.

It’s good to know that BPH (enlarged prostate) is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate that is very common in men as they age. The inner part of the prostate around the urethra may continue to grow. While this can cause problems with urinating because it can press on the urethra (the tube that carries the urine), BPH is not cancer.

The class of drugs usually used to conventionally treat BPH are the alpha 1-adrenoreceptors, including prazosin, alfuzosin, indoramin, terazosin, doxazosin, and tamsulosin.

Both BPH and prostate cancer, however, can cause similar problems in older men. The “free PSA test” may help determine the difference between BPH and prostate cancer. Prostatitis, BPH, prostate cancer and metastasis are all very common prostate ailments. Many of these symptoms, however, can also be caused by other conditions, such as a urinary tract infection (UTI), acute prostatitis, or even a sexually transmitted disease.

Doctors must determine if a patient’s symptoms are due to prostate cancer, BPH, or to a number of other non-cancer-related conditions. Your doctor conducts a digital rectal exam in order to diagnose BPH. Treatment choices for BPH also include an ever watchful waiting.

Also regular checkups are important even for men who have had surgery for BPH. Learn all you can about the treatment options for these prostate disorders if you’re having prostate symptoms that are keeping you up at night or keeping you up at night with worry. To understand your symptoms more take one of the free self tests for symptoms that are found online.

However, with so many treatment choices now available, men with BPH or prostate cancer sometimes have difficulty deciding on which is the right treatment, and the long-term lifestyle effects that each of the prostate disease treatments may cause, especially if conventional or standard treatment is chosen where there is more risk. Other ways to relieve the symptoms of BPH use radiowaves, microwaves, or electrical current.

Also there is always the natural approach to consider. A natural prostate diet may be an alternative chosen by some men rather than risk chemo drugs or radiation. Many men live well into a much older age with various prostate conditions and suffer no ill consequences. Prostate cancer, an enlarged prostate and BPH used to be diseases of old age but not anymore.

Pregnancy Health Concerns-Chemical Found In Everyday Plastics Could Cause Health Problems

Harvard School of Public Health Study On Chemical Bisphenol A (BPA)
A study carried out by the Harvard School of Public Health, USA, confirmed the findings of 2 previous studies. The Harvard School of Public Health study investigated the effects of the chemical bisphenol A (BPA) which is frequently used in the manufacturing of plastic bottles as well as in the lining of tin cans. BPA had previously been linked to increasing the risk of both diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

244 mothers had their urine samples taken during pregnancy, at birth and samples were compared to those taken from their children when aged between one year old to three years old. The relationship was examined between the concentrations of BPA in the urine samples of the mothers and children, in relation to the children’s behaviours. Although the behaviours were not classed as clinically abnormal, some of the children had more behaviour problems than others.

In the children, the higher the BPA concentrations were linked to those children with aggressive, hyperactive, depressed and anxious behaviour, plus poorer emotional control, in the girls. This pattern was not found in the boys. In addition to confirming the findings of previous studies, this study importantly highlighted that the dangers in-utero are higher than after birth and into childhood.

Bisphenol A (BPA) Since The 1930s
Since the mid 1930s bisphenol A (BPA) has been known to be estrogenic, over the years there have been regular reports in the media highlighting the concerns of using bisphenol A (BPA). In 2010 the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) in America raised further concerns regarding the exposure of bisphenol A (BPA) to foetuses, babies and young children. Canada became the first country in September 2010 to declare bisphenol A (BPA) a toxic substance.

One 2011 study found BPA in 96% of pregnant women. The Harvard School of Public Health study found it in 85% of the 244 women who took part in the study and in 96% of the young children aged between one and three years old.

What Is Bisphenol A (BPA) And What Health Issues May If Cause?
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine disruptor which mimics the body’s hormones potentially leading to negative health effects. Some studies have found concerns in the effects it potentially has on the behaviour, brain and prostate gland in foetuses, babies and young children.

Other studies have also highlighted concerns about:
• Obesity
• Neurological issues
• Disruption of the dopaminergic system
• Thyroid function
• Cancer
• Breast cancer
• Neuroblastoma
• Prostate development and cancer
• DNA methylation
• Reproductive system
• Sexual behaviour research
• Heart disease
• Diabetes
• Pregnancy loss
• Intrauterine growth restriction

This list is not a full definitive list, as there have been numerous studies about the potential effects of Bisphenol A (BPA).

Hot debate continues regarding Bisphenol A (BPA), as to the effects and also the levels found in people’s urine; if it is, or is not enough to cause health problems. However when it comes to pregnancy health concerns, it is best to err of the side of caution and avoid this suspect chemical which is found in plastic water bottles and aluminium cans.

The Gains of Choosing The Right Genital Wart Removal Product for Someone to Apply

Those with warts know how important it is to find the best genital wart removal products. There are numerous of items available for use that report are effective. But when selecting a product you want to make sure you know the safety of it as well. Many products contain harsh chemicals that may cause burns after applying.

Many of these items contain acid that is used to burn the warts off, but they can also cause severe damage on and around the area if not used correctly. The person administering the application should have experience and know what they are doing.

Although warts can be treated with medications these types of medicines they are still a serious health problem. They are known to be caused by the Human Papilloma Virus. Researchers have linked them to cervical cancer in women and can also cause cancer in men.

The warts can grow on the vulva, and the walls of the vagina in women. They may also be found on the outside of the vagina and anus. Men are most likely to have a warts around the tip, on it, or the shaft of the penis and scrotum area. They can also appear in and around the anus as well.

There are many different types of creams and other topical treatments that can be applied to the area that can help boost your immune system and fight the genital warts. It is a wise choice to use only products that are known to work effectively. Most will have been tested and will be known to provide individuals with positive results.

It is important to check with your doctor if you suspect you have the condition. There are many test your doctor may want to do to determine if you have the infection. Your health care provider needs to properly diagnose you before any type of treatment should be started. Your provider can help you decide what treatment will be best for you.

Acid Reflux Medications – Do They Work?

Medication for Acid Reflux: Are They Effective? Get the Facts on GERD Medicaments from a Former Acid Reflux Sufferer Who’s Tested Them All.

You might be wondering if medicaments for acid reflux are really effective, when the priority should be the eradication of the real cause of your medical condition and if the respite that is temporary really compensates for the side effects. After all, drugs and medication for acid reflux are readily available. Adverts show them, they are sold over the counter, and most doctors happily prescribe them on the basis that the searing pain of heartburn will immediately cease.

When food is swallowed, the LES or lower esophageal sphincter opens to let it into the stomach and then shuts again to make sure acid does not flow back into the esophagus. Acid reflux, also known as GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), happens when the valve in the esophagus (the LES) loses its force and fails to block in the other direction, letting stomach content reflux into the esophagus. GERD patients feel a peculiar burning feeling beneath the breastbone, often arriving at night. This reverse flow of acid coming from this acid reflux results in a burning sensation that is called heartburn.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a menacing condition necessitating immediate diagnosis and treatment. If unattended, GERD can badly corrode the lining of the esophagus causing continual inflammation and possibly even esophageal cancer. Persistent GERD with its concomitant symptoms of heartburn can be distracting and painful enough to ruin your daily activities and seriously impinge on the esophagus.

Acid reflux medicaments are not imperatively the remedy of choice, even if they appear to be the most readily accessible treatment for heartburn. There are four principal classes of medicaments for use with GERD:

1. Antacids act by a neutralizing effect on the acid in the esophagus, producing this effect for as much as a few hours. They can be purchased in different formats including liquid suspensions, chewing gum, tablets to be chewed and so on.

2. Alginates envelop the contents of the stomach to reduce reflux.

3. H2-receptor antagonists imitate the production of stomach acid in order to put a block on your gastric system. They take 30 to 60 minutes to start working and can then produce this effect for up to 12 hours.

4. PPI (Proton pump inhibitors) inhibit the release of acid in the stomach by acting on the stomach cells.

All of these medicaments have a common component, even if they differ in the way in which they work, the duration and the nature of their effect:

1. Their effect is not permanent. Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a complex phenomenon, being created by a combination of factors of the environment, lifestyle and diet. However, most medicaments for acid reflux focus on treating the immediate short-term causes, so they do not bring permanent relief and skirt around the real causes of GERD.

2. Long-term use of these drugs can also provoke a number of different secondary effects. PPI therapy is usually more harmful than good concerning secondary effects. Amongst the most frequent ones are bad headaches and diarrhea, and PPI has also been pointed to in cases of osteoporosis. The continual intake of antacids over time can heighten the damage from acid reflux: gastric acid is required for reasons of sound immunity and digestion and abuse of antacids harms both aspects.

Medication therapy for acid reflux is based on the classical approach that compared to the holistic approach does not look after the body while eradicating the symptoms of the disease. For this reason, most medications for GERD will not do more than give temporary relief amidst a host of side effects. On the other hand, alternative treatments such as homeopathic solutions, herbal remedies, changes in lifestyle and diet, and detoxification, will solve the internal cause of acid reflux to safely and effectively stop it from happening again.