Breast cancer starts when cells in the breast begin to unrestrained. These cells usually form a lump that we can see in x-ray. The tumor is malicious if the cells can grow into conquering and surrounding tissues. Breast cancer arises almost entirely in women, but men can also get it.This can start from different parts of the breast. It usually starts off in the inner lining of milk conduits that supply them with milk, a few cancers start in other skin in the breast. These cancers are called malignancies and lymphomas and are not really thought of as breast cancers.Breast cancer rate is cumulative in industrialized nations or established nation equated to emerging ones. There are numerous reasons for breast cancer, like lifestyles, food behavior; etc. breast cancer is more common in early age women from the age of 20 onwards.
How Breast Cancer Spreads:
Breast cancer can blowout through the lymph system. The lymph system contains lymph vessels ,lymph molten , and lymph nodules found throughout the body. Lymph nodes are small, bean-shaped collections of insusceptible system cells that are allied by lymphatic vessels. Lymph vessels are like small moods or veins excluding they carry a clear fluid called lymph absent from the breast. Lymph contains flesh fluid and unwanted products, as well as resistant system cells.
Most of the lymph vessels of the breast gutter into:
* Infraclavicular lymph nodes
* Internal mammary lymph nodes
* Axillary nodes
Symptoms of Breast Cancer :
* Changes in the shape of the nipple
* Damaged tissue
* Breast infection
* Noncancerous tumor
* A new lump that doesn’t go away after your next period
* Nipple discharge from one breast that is clear, red, brown, or yellow
* Unknowingly swelling, skin irritation, itchiness, or rash on the breast
* Breast pain doesn’t go away after your next period
* Swelling or a lump around the collarbone or under the arm
Stages of Breast Cancer:
Stage 1A: 2cm or smaller than that and has not spread outside the breast.
Stage 2A: 5cm and small areas of cancer cells are in the lymph nodes.
The tumor is larger than 2cm is very dangerous
Stage 3: breast cancer
Stage 3 breast cancer is divided into 3 groups
Stage 3A means:
* The tumor is larger than 5cm and small knots of breast cancer cells are in the lymph nodes
Stage 3C means:
The tumor can be of any size no one can easily identify, or there may be no tumor, but there is cancer in the skin of the breast causing swelling.
Lymph nodes it will above or below the collarbone
Stage 4 breast cancer:
* The lymph nodes may or may not contain cancer cells
* This cancer can spread to other parts of the body such as the bones, heart , blood ,lungs, liver or brain
* The tumor can be any size
Treatments are used for breast cancer:
Non-invasive breast cancer
Invasive breast cancer in stages I-IV
Breast cancer during pregnancy:
When a pregnant woman matures breast cancer, it’s often analyzed at a later stage than it would be if the woman were not pregnant. It’s also more likely to have supper to the lumps. This is moderate because of the hormone changes during pregnancy. Pregnancy stops monthly menstrual .Prolactin, a hormone that tells the breasts to get ready prepare for nurture, also goes up during pregnancy. During pregnancy breast will change size will increase lumpy, and tender.
It may be hard to find breast cancer early during pregnancy period is that analysis for breast cancer is often delayed til after the pregnancy is over. After Pregnancy breastfeeding can also make breast tissue thicker or harder. This can make it ticker to see an early stage of cancer on a mammogram. Also, the early changes caused by cancer can be easily misguided for the normal changes that happen with pregnancy Deferred diagnosis remains one of the biggest problems with breast cancer during pregnancy.
Advanced Cancer Centers in the World:
MacArthur Cancer Service
James Cancer Hospital & Solove Research Institute
Peter Maccallum Health Centre
University of Washington Medical Center/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance
Oslo Comprehensive Cancer Centre
Vall D’Hebron Institute of Oncology
Epworth Radiation Oncology