The bladder is a muscular organ of the body which is a part of the mid portion of the urinary tract. The function of the bladder is to temporary store the urine. A bladder tumor is an excessive reproduction of cells that line the bladder and mostly, bladder tumors are noncancerous called papillomas, a wart like growth. Cancerous bladder tumors spread through the bladder wall and into other organs via the blood stream. Bladder tumor occurs:-
* Three times more common in men than in women.
* Bladder tumors are most common in white men who aged over 50 years.
* Less than 1% of cases of bladder cancer occur in people under 40 years old
* Bladder tumors are the second most common tumor that occurs in the reproductive and urinary tract.
* Tumors of the lining of the bladder cause about 4% of all cancers diagnosed in the United States.
* Bladder tumors can be cancerous or non-cancerous.
The main causes of bladder tumor are the exposure to the carcinogenic chemicals that causes cancer. This includes chemicals used in the rubber and dye industries. Other factors responsible for the bladder tumors are smoking cigarette, chronic urinary tract infections and Schistosomiasis, a parasitic infection common in tropics.
The common symptoms of bladder tumor are blood in the urine, a feeling that you urgently need to pass the urine, back or abdominal pain and appetite or weight loss.
A cancerous bladder tumor is most treatable when it is caught early and fortunately, most bladder cancers are diagnosed early on. Usually, a person with a cancerous bladder tumor has to go for surgery to remove it, and it is necessary to remove part of the bladder in some cases. Sometimes, it may be necessary to remove the whole bladder if the cancer has deepened far into its walls. In such case, surgery is needed to give way for the patient’s body to get rid of urine.
Chemotherapy is used in treating a malignant bladder tumor which involves in using drugs to kill cancerous cells. Chemotherapy treatment may be used before or after surgery. Depending on the particulars of the case, immunotherapy may be an option which involves using biological therapy to stimulate the body’s immune system response and encourage it to fight the cancer. Radiation therapy is another possible treatment for bladder cancer and for this treatment; radiation is aimed at cancerous bladder tumors, either from a machine located outside the body or from a machine that is actually placed within the bladder. In some cases, radiation therapy is used to shrink a bladder tumor before surgery and making it easier to extract. After surgery, radiation is used to destroy any lingering cancer cells. Cystoscopy, it is about inspecting the bladder with a lighted telescope-like instrument, and bladder biopsy remains the primary diagnostic procedure.